HomeOpinion & AnalysisZimbabwe closing down civic space

Zimbabwe closing down civic space

By Citizen in Action Southern Africa 

Since the threats to clamp down operations of civil society organisations by President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his state of the nation address link in which he announced that “…all (non-governmental organisations) who do not stick to their mandates shall risk being de-registered or facing the wrath of the law”, the civic space for NGOs in Zimbabwe has evidently been shrinking.

This has since regressed democracy and independency of NGOs in performing its watchdog role especially in providing checks and balances for the three arms of the government namely the executive, the judiciary and the legislature.

As a result, the country is lacking accountable democratic institutions and show little respect for political rights, leaving the control of corruption completely up to the political will of the government which undermines any improvements in anti-corruption efforts made so far.

The recent remarks by a political leader of a political party in Zimbabwe link is signifying that NGOs in Zimbabwe are severely restricted in their ability to operate in the current political situation, putting their safety at stake.

The efforts and trajectory to strengthening civic space and championing in promoting rule of law, constitutionalism and anti-corruption in the country is now becoming a fallacy due to the threats being amplified targeting such NGOs.

On June 21 2021, the provincial development coordinator for Masvingo province circulated a memorandum link, advising all CSOs and CBOs that are programming around youth issues to be cleared and granted memorandum of understanding with the ministry of Youth, Sports, Arts and Culture with immediate effect.

Shockingly, this directive was given a timeline of only seven working days which in our view as CIASA is an attempt by the authorities and officials to shrink CSOs operating space.

On June 30 2021, Harare Metropolitan provincial development coordinator Tafadzwa Muguti issued a letter advising that all NGOs are now required to register with the provincial development coordinator, submit their workplans and project commissioned by  July 9, 2021.

These developments are also coming at a time when there is ongoing review of the Private Voluntary Organisations (PVO) Act, which is also motivated by the intention to enact an NGO Bill.

From CIASA’s contextual analysis, all these work together towards constraining the civic space.

The review of the PVO Act has been motivated by various reasons, chief among them, being the need to include the Financial Anti-Terrorist Financing (FATF) recommendations to do with Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism.

An independent and empowered civil society is an essential component and ingredient of a healthy country conducive for growth, development and prosperity.

Civil society organisations help and support citizens, ensuring their voices are heard.

They can advise policymakers, assist in legislative drafting and in general support authorities in decision making, thus ensuring that policies respond to citizens’ needs.

They also have an important role to play in monitoring governments’ and parliaments’ activities, holding them accountable for their actions, especially when these infringe on people’s rights.

CSOs are vital vehicles for active citizenship; legal, financial and policy frameworks need to be in place so that they can operate freely and sustainably.

If the space for civil society and youth organisations is shrinking, the consequences for democratic societies could be considered an impediment to the exercise of citizens’ rights to freedom of association and expression, and therefore a serious threat to democracy, human rights and the rule of law.

United Nations Convention Against Corruption’s Article 13 requires that each government promotes the active participation of individuals and groups outside the public sector, such as civil society, non-governmental organisations and community-based organisations, in the prevention of and the fight against corruption.

Civic space is therefore fundamental in upholding democracy and freedom of expressions as a key human right.

When civic space is safeguarded, citizens and CSOs can organise, participate and communicate without hindrance, and without fear of retaliation.

In doing so, they can exercise their rights and determine the political, economic and social structures around them.

However, this is only possible when the government respect and facilitate the fundamental rights of its citizens to associate, assemble peacefully, and freely express views and opinions, in the physical as well as the digital world.

Civic spaces thus become crucial in fighting corruption and promoting transparent and accountable societies.

The continuous lack of an enabling environment is a cause for concern to CIASA and the entire CSOs fraternity, hence the calls for strengthening the space for civil society actions and contributions towards sustained, equitable and inclusive growth of the country at large without leaving anyone behind. If the government continue to corrode civic spaces for citizen and CSO engagement, this will result in opacity and a lack of accountability in governance.

It is also a cause for concern that criminal justice systems are being used as a tool of repression, with human rights defenders facing charges of propaganda against the state whereas journalists reporting on impunity are harassed and unjustifiably arrested.

CIASA is,, therefore, calling the government of Zimbabwe to:

  •  Allow citizens and non-state actors to monitor and hold the government accountable without fear of
  • Foster an enabling environment for active civil society and citizens’ participation in the development discourse of the country at all levels.
  •  Engage objectively and constructively with civil society on national planning processes, national dialogue processes and CSOs operating space and parameters.
  •  Ensure that the government of Zimbabwe relations with CSOs are strengthened, regulated and safeguarded to enhance the civic space for civil society across the country.


  • Citizen in Action Southern Africa is an apolitical, non-profit making and women and girls-focused organisation established to advance gender quality and economic empowerment of marginalised women and girls for sustainable development of communities and the full realisation of human rights, democracy, good governance and poverty alleviation.


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