Tongogara, Mujuru: Did the revolution devour its own?

RECENT stories on the life and mysterious death of Josiah Magama Tongogara have generated interest and intense debate among a cross-section of society.

BY OUR STAFF

The Standard was last week inundated with calls from people requesting a comparison of the death of Tongogara, over 33 years ago to that of former army commander General Solomon Mujuru in August 2011.

Tongogara was the Zanla chief of defence during the war of liberation and Mujuru was his deputy. The two were said to have been good friends.

They both died in mysterious circumstances.

The official version is that Tongogara died in a car accident in Mozambique on December 26 1979, a few days after the signing of the Lancaster House Agreement which ended the war of liberation.
But another version said he died on December 23 1979, with the death only being announced three days later.

Mujuru on the other hand, is said to have died of carbonation after a “fire accident” at his Alamein farm in Beatrice.

Tongogara family members recently said they doubted the official version, saying only a commission of inquiry would establish the truth. The Mujuru family has also refused to accept a conclusion by a coroner that the late general died of inhaling carbon after a fire accident.

The family wants the exhumation of his remains to allow for a second autopsy.

Variations in witnesses’ accounts on Tongogara’s demise

A number of inconsistences have been highlighted on how Josiah Tongogara and Solomon Mujuru met their fates.

Zanu PF politburo member, Kumbirai Kangai recently told a local weekly that the accident that killed Tongogara took place at about 9am in Mozambique’s Inhambani Province.

He said Tongogara’s vehicle, a brand new Land Rover, was overtaking a “little” truck but somehow the propeller shaft broke.
He said the vehicle then veered off the tarmac, hit an anthill and overturned, killing Tongogara immediately.

But the late Chief Air-Marshal Josiah Tungamirai who was travelling in a vehicle ahead reportedly said the accident happened at night.

According to the reports, Tungamirai said the roads were bad and they passed a military vehicle “carelessly abandoned” with no warning signs at the side of the road.

He could no longer see the headlights of the following car in his rear-view mirror and eventually turned back only to find that Tongogara’s car had struck the abandoned vehicle.

Zanu PF women’s league boss, Oppah Muchinguri sat behind Tongogara in the same truck with four others.

Muchinguri, who survived without a scratch, told Moto magazine in 2002, that their vehicle side-swiped a trailer of a truck they were trying to overtake before rolling twice.

She said the accident happened 5km from a place they had a combined breakfast and lunch, meaning that it was during daylight.

Muchinguri suggested the truck which side-swiped Tongo’s was moving, but other versions say it was stationary.

There are theories that Tongogara was shot and killed before an accident was staged. Tongogara’s children recently said images of their father’s body depicted a burnt body not congruent with an ordinary side-swiping.

Angeline Gamanya, mother of Tongogara’s four of his 10 known children, said she was not allowed to see the body.

But Zanu PF reportedly released a statement from an undertaker saying Tongogara’s injuries were consistent with a road accident.
The undertaker also confirmed, in a television documentary in 1982 called Tongo, that the theory of gunshot wounds on Tongogara’s body was false as he personally inspected the body.

However, no autopsy results or pictures have ever been released.
The Standard this week publishes a picture which the Tongogara family says is of the body of the deceased.

The pictures are also on display at the Midlands Hotel in Gweru owned by the late politician Patrick Kombayi’s family, a former friend of Tongogara.

The pictures appear to show a burnt body, but this could not be independently verified.

Theories on how General Mujuru met his death

The Mujuru family and associates suspect that the former army commander could have died before the fire at his farmhouse started.
Last year, family lawyer Thakor Kewada told The Standard that Mujuru’s family and his associates suspected that some of the workers and security personnel at the farm knew of what really happened to Mujuru.

Kewada said his clients suspected he was killed before the fire started and thereafter the body planted in the house and the fire started as a cover up.

There was also a theory that white phosphorous or TNT explosives were used to burn Mujuru’s body after the alleged murder.

A number of inconsistencies were also pointed out which the family believes proved there was foul play.

The Harare Fire Brigade said investigations showed that the fire started in two places, an indication that arson could have taken place.

Mujuru’s vehicle was unusually parked at the back of the house. It was unlocked, and his cellphone, groceries and jacket were still inside, which is strange considering that he wished to wake up early in the morning at around 2am.

The vehicle keys have never been found up to today.

South African forensic experts admitted the samples they were given to examine were contaminated because of poor storage by police in Zimbabwe.

They did not find any traces of explosives yet the investigating officer, brought 6kg of ammunition, including spent cartridges which exploded due to the intense heat.

Zesa experts also ruled out an electrical fault as the cause of the fire and the theory of the candle has also been dismissed.

While Mujuru’s body was charred, it was surprising that the curtains survived the inferno. Questions therefore still remain as to how the curtains survived while Mujuru did not, suggesting that the general could have been burnt in a controlled fire which later spread to the whole house.

Cuban pathologist, Dr Gonzales Alvero admitted he did not do a thorough examination because he could not draw blood samples and test organs because Mujuru’s body was completely charred.
But pictures of the body which were shown to The Standard prove that from the neck to the groin, body parts, including the lungs and kidneys were intact.

The pathologist also admitted that he did not have the requisite equipment such as an X-Ray machine.

So with all these questions still lingering about the death of Tongogara and Mujuru, observers said it remained to be answered whether the revolution from time to time devours some of its own?

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59 Responses to Tongogara, Mujuru: Did the revolution devour its own?

  1. Tambavakachenjera January 13, 2013 at 2:05 pm #

    Good riddance to both of them becoz they connived to assassinate the brilliant Herbert Wilshire Chitepo on 18March 1975.Chitepo was killed by a Tongo led Karanga/Zezuru mafia that was determined to get rid of Manyikas within the Zanu Dare reChimurenga.The Mafia succeeded in killing Chitepo `s fellow Manyikas namely Mukono,Mataure &Sanyanga in Lusaka ,Zambia.I salute Pres KK 4 ROUNDING /ARRESTING the evil/heinous actors who took part in Chitepo`s assassination.What goes comes around,if live by the sword ,you die by the sword!.Poetic justice was meted on Tongogara&Mujuru in 1979&2011 respectively.Chitepo had become the 1st black Lawyer in Zim&Southern Africa only to be killed by his colleagues in a tribal facade.

    • Tembwe January 14, 2013 at 9:16 pm #

      I won’t be nasty and say good riddance to Chitepo like you have been to Tongo there is no point in being nasty when you are basing your arguments on hearsay. Mukono, Mataure and Sanyanga were rebels how do you salute a rebel. Chitepo yes, he was brilliant but was not as brilliant as Tongo. he was also not assassinated by Tongo. Even if Kaunda arrested vana Tongo the point is they were acquitted. Did you read the books Who killed Chitepo and See you in November? Tongo’s death was murder and he was a victim like Chitepo. There was a serial killer eliminating the competition and that person is alive today. So Chitepo lived by the sword and died by the sword? There is no point arguing with you. A Commission must be set up so that we know what really happened during the war.

      • Innocent Chokx January 16, 2013 at 12:05 pm #

        Well thought arguement

      • Tambavakachenjera January 19, 2013 at 5:20 am #

        Herbert Chitepo was a brilliant Lawyer who passed the bar in UK with flying colours& he cannot be put at the same pedestal with the bloodthirsty,powerhungry uneducated Tongogara.The points you raised in defence of Tongo are mindboggling ,shallow,hollow &nonsensical to say the least .How was Tongo more brilliant that Chitepo?.Chitepo didnt live by the sword ,he never killed nor assassinated no-one.Pres KK got to the bottom of Chitepo`s assassination by setting up a Commission of enquiry that found Tongogara,Rugare Gumbo,Kumbirayi Kangai,Henry Hamadziripi,Dauramhanzi,Zvinavashe,Rex Nhongo,Robson Manyika,Mukudzei Midzi,Mpunzarima&Chigowe guilty.They were never acquitted ,they were only released in 1976 when Matibili threatened not attend the Geneva Conference unless &until the Zezuru/Karanga mafia were released & attended the Conference.After that they didnt return to Zambia & went off to Mozambique to set off a launching base.It well documented ,it is in black & white in a green book ,the results of a Commission of enquiry set by President KK in 1975.Hapana asingazvizive kuti Tongo was the architect of Chitepo`s assassination.

  2. Dick Mboko January 13, 2013 at 3:02 pm #

    Well, it’s pointless to comment on the unfounded tribal killings – Karanga/Zezuru vs Manyika. The real story still remains. The revolution devourded its own children.

    • Zvichaperachete January 13, 2013 at 5:54 pm #

      Unfounded tribal killings yet u have countless Manyikas as concrete evidence whom were all killed by the Karanga/Zezuru mafia led by the evil,powerhungry Tongogara??????

      • hazviperi January 14, 2013 at 8:28 am #

        In a rebellion rebels are killed look at Jonas Savimbi, Alfonso Dhlakama and Bin Ladden. Tongo was protecting the struggle. Nhari was paid to cripple the revolutionary efforts. Why do you want to make him to be a hero. if the truth is told you would really know what they were. Rebels are not celebrated. Nhari na Morris Nyathi are the same, they were sell outs. Hazviperi we want to know who killed Tongo.

      • Rinhi January 15, 2013 at 12:10 pm #

        Your sentiments are the same with the ndebeles who blame every shona for Gukurahundi. Wakangovenga munhu iwe pasina kana nyaya.

  3. Great Zimbabwe January 13, 2013 at 7:17 pm #

    The truth is that when Herbert Chitepo was assassinated in Lusaka, Zambia senior members of ZANU including the army and intelligence officials were aware of that. It is equally true that the same happened when Tongogara was shot in Mozambique and the same events repeated themselves when Mujuru was burnt, perhaps alive in Beatrice, Zimbabwe. What is curious in all these events is that Tongo might have been close to Chitepo and Mujuru is confirmed to have been close to Tongogara. Some of Tongogara’s lieutenants like Josiah Tungamirai, Vitalis “Gava” Zvinavashe and Oppa Muchinguri and others behaved suspiciously after his death. The underlining issue is that the “Judas Iscariot Phenomenon” was pervasive in all these tragedies. Souls were traded for money and power, but from the look of things it was not sustainable. The Karanga/Zezuru vs Manyika might not have been the main driver because there were Manyikas who were actively involved in devouring their own, the same applies to Karangas. People should be made aware that Tongogara facilitated the recruitment of Mujuru from Zipra. Why was Mujuru so enthusiastic in marketing the former prisoners i.e. ZANU top leaders to Zinla forces in Mozambique? If Tongo and his group were really motivated by tribalism why would they allow a Zezuru to lead the party and not a Karanga? So, there was a lot of scheming and maneuvering to go to the top. It is apparent that some were not as polished as some in clearing one’s hurdles. Zimbabweans should also acknowledge the concept of Ngozi “the avenging spirit”…were these tragedies caused by Ngozi in Zanu pf? The late Masipula Sithole was spot on when he said, “it was struggle within the struggle.”

    • Chana ChaTongo na Jason Moyo January 13, 2013 at 10:16 pm #

      Great Zimbabwe this is great analysis but you just left out to say a chicken can eat its eggs if the bick is not culled.

  4. Tanhira January 13, 2013 at 11:34 pm #

    We will never really know who was plotting against who during the Liberation Struggle. It could well be a case of group A eliminating its rival in group B before group B could do the same to group A. For the sake of peace, it may be good to leave old wounds to heal.

    • Tembwe January 14, 2013 at 8:50 pm #

      For the sake of peace vanhu ngavataura zvavakaita ndokuti nyaya iyi ipere.

  5. Chiedza January 14, 2013 at 8:14 am #

    I saw the picture it is horrific. hanzi nhamo yemumwe hairamwiri sadza. It is easier to comment from a distance. His family is troubled and want to know what happened to their father and brother. Imagine dai yanga iri hama yako? Tongo was a national hero and Zimbabweans deserve to know what happened to him. The wounds will never heal as long as his family want to know what happened. Zvese zvakaitika from Nhari, Chitepo’s death, Tongo’s death should be talked about that it is what will bring finality to the matter.

  6. muveterana January 14, 2013 at 8:20 am #

    Tambavakachenjera you are just being emotional for nothing hauna kana shred of evidence that Tongo killed Chitepo. What are you basing your evidence on. Tongo and those he was arrested with were aquitted. Do you know that Chitepo’s sons tried to investigate their fathers death after independence and were killed. Tongo was already dead so the person who killed them is the one who killed Chitepo and is still alive. Munhu akauraya Tongo ndiye akauraya Chitepo nevana vake.

  7. Rudo January 14, 2013 at 12:15 pm #

    Thank you Standard for enlightening us. I didn’t know the pictures where this horrific. I just heard people talking about the death of Tongo but after seeing the picture i realize why the family is demanding answers. I’m so sorry for the Tongogara family. Zanu has a lot of answers kunyanya vana Oppah you ought to be ashamed of yourselve. Taura chokwadi.

  8. ngwena January 14, 2013 at 3:27 pm #

    Kaunda fell into the smith trap and arrested the dare members Tongo included.The object of the Chitepo assassination was to halt the revolutionary war.It was done in manipulation of the tribal differences alive to the nhari rebellion.Much to the detriment of the war the arrest stopped the war for 8 months meaning to say the arrest prolonged Smith’s hold on power by 8 months.Tongo did nt kill Chitepo, the assassination was a false flag operation yaSmith.

  9. geoge bachinche January 14, 2013 at 6:27 pm #

    We go by the verdict of the Mashford & Sons Funeral Undertakers who did a forensic investigation on the body of the late General Tongogara and concluded that his death was consistent with a vehicle accident. They were Rhodesians, with no love for any of the African plitical parties. Rhodesians would have relished nailing ZANU PF if there was evidence to suggest otherwise.

    If Standard wants to revist the story again they should do a proper investigation. Interview the witnesses again..i.e. those who are alive and evaluation they statements against has been reported.

    • Ropa January 14, 2013 at 8:05 pm #

      Iwe George or geoge bachinche chirudzii? Mashford inota verdict yei are they judges? Inga wani wataura wega kuti they are undertakers. Basa remaundertaker unoriziva here? For your info undertakers are not forensic investigators they are mere burial specialists. Wakambonzwa Doves kanaNyaradzo ichiita ma forensic reports? Thats why there are trained pathologists. VekwaMujuru vakadii kushevedza Nyaradzo yakavaitira report what was the point of hiring a pathologist from SA?
      If Tongo died in a road traffic accident why was a post moterm performed? You can see cuts on his body. They were removing the bullets. We want to see the real forensic report. Not some bullshit report from unqualified people.

      Standard thumbs up to you for being brave. Oppah, Kangai, Tungamirai all said contradictory things which shows that they are lying.There is no need to re-interview those people, the body should be exhumed and a Commission of inquiry done to establish whether it was a road traffic accident that killed Tongo.

    • chawhanda January 15, 2013 at 12:05 pm #

      pfutseki iwe bachinche mhondi yemunhu

  10. goerge is a fool January 14, 2013 at 7:05 pm #

    geoge the standard has done a good job unfortunately because of your poor English yet trying to sound schooled you fail to see the gist of their efforts.In this story the newspaper cites three different testimonies taken on different times but all of which are contradictory.the other one by kangai is less than a month old.because of the lack of coherence its suggests dirty play You are deliberately opting to be blind to reality as well as blind to knowledge.hauna chaunoziva keep your silence..

  11. tongo January 14, 2013 at 7:38 pm #

    those who want to link Chitepo’s death to Tongogara should also link it with the Nhari rebellion.What many have failed to realize is that all those who died during that episode were military personnel who were found guilty of undermining the revolution.The decision to eliminate them propelled the struggle for Zimbabwe.Nhari and Moris Nyati and those who sympathize with them were and are still enemies of progress,,it is because of them that the objectives of the struggle have not yet been fully attained.Tongo was a bold revolutionary,a leader worth of trust. RIP Cde Tongo.

  12. cb January 14, 2013 at 7:46 pm #

    if our history was not in secrecy all this half baked patriotism that is fueled by tribal frustration would not have seen light .its sad to say but its naive for one to assume that because Tongo was karanga therefore he had reasons to eliminate Chitepo a manyika.Tongogara unlike many of these now celebrated cowards most of whom never went to the front could tell that the struggle was not tribe or race based, it was against a system of governance that allows race and tribe to supersede the whole purpose of the state.

  13. Ronaida January 14, 2013 at 8:27 pm #

    I agree with Great Zimbabwe’s analysis. My suspect is the late Mujuru anoziva zvakaitika he was from ZIPRA and was sent to eliminate the ZANLA and ZANU Hierachy from within. iyezvino afa thats why nyaya dzese idzi dzavakubuda.

    • stanley January 14, 2013 at 9:23 pm #

      I agree with you Rona ko izvo zvinhu zvairambirwa naMujuru chii? Ndosaka akatvsa. Iwe Ronaida kana wakasiiwa wakabatiswa zvinhu izvozvo dzosera unetsva.

  14. gamu January 14, 2013 at 8:47 pm #

    We saw the car it was extensively damaged, we saw Cde Tongo’s body it has what looks like burns and a post mortem wound, no other injuries consistent with a road traffic accident. If at all it was an accident it was a serious accident how come others in the car (like Oppah and the alleged high level comrades she cant remember) escaped without any injuries. Vanhu lets not lie to ourselves this is staged. Iwe Oppah taura chokwadi why wakatengerwa imba and why wakaendeswa kuchikoro overseas? Taura nyaya yako iwe.

  15. lloyd January 14, 2013 at 9:30 pm #

    Imi nyaya dzenyu dzamakutaura dzinotyisa idzi. Asi ivo madhara ezanu akangoti mwiro kuti zvidarike. Asi these Tongo’s seem to be determined.

  16. history January 14, 2013 at 9:49 pm #

    The Nhari rebellion occurred in December 1973 amidst the Bush War when ZANLA members in Chifombo, Zambia on the border with Mozambique rebelled against the organization. Ken Flower, head of the Central Intelligence Organisation, sponsored the rebellion which “willing conspirators” carried out.

    Thomas Nhari led the rebellion, hence its name.

    Noel Mukono and Simpson Mutambanengwe supported the rebellion.

  17. Soneli January 14, 2013 at 10:47 pm #

    Why have Zimbabweans got this obsession with conspiracies on the deaths of people like Mujuru and Tongogara? Do other parties hope this will earn them more votes? Will this bring jobs to the unemployed? People should get a life. There’s a tendency to think things would have been different had these people been alive – I don’t think so. People were murdered even when Mujuru was alive including the 2008 violence which claimed over 200 MDC supporters.

    • neli January 15, 2013 at 11:54 am #

      Why do people have an obsession with Gukurahundi and the deaths of MDC supporters?

  18. Soneli January 14, 2013 at 10:48 pm #

    Why have Zimbabweans got this obsession with conspiracies on the deaths of people like Mujuru and Tongogara? Do other parties hope this will earn them more votes? Will this bring jobs to the unemployed? People should get a life. There’s a tendency to think things would have been different had these people been alive – I don’t think so. People were murdered even when Mujuru was alive including the 2008 violence which claimed over 200 MDC supporters.

    • mukaranga January 15, 2013 at 11:58 am #

      Soneli, i hope either your parent, brother or sister or any close relative of yours is killed then maybe you would understand how these families are feeling.

      • Soneli January 15, 2013 at 9:31 pm #

        @mukaranga – I would understand if it’s only the close relatives who keep bringing up these conspiracies but not the whole nation. Even if it was my relative complaining all the time will not bring back the loved ones. Most opponents of ZanuPF always bring this up to get political mileage out of the tragedies. The thing is – Zanu is responsible for Gukurahundi but they are in charge and will do everything in their power to make sure no prosecutions take place.

  19. Chipo January 15, 2013 at 7:18 am #

    Soneli this is not an obsession it is part of the Zimbabwean history. it is the same as MDC why do they have obsessions about people who got killed during the 2008 elections and before. Why dont they just shut up. Thats basically what you are saying. Well as long as the MDC don’t keep quiet neither will the Tongos or the Mujurus because they want the truth to be told. Its not about votes if at all it were, then it would be infavour of MDC as ZANU is alleged to have killed the two. This secrecy issue should stop dai zvana Tongo zvakataurwa people would not have been killed 2008. Kuti iwe uvepano in this discussion and not in protected camps is because of guys like vana Tongo. Have respect.

  20. zvichaperachete January 15, 2013 at 7:29 am #

    What Tongogara didnt realise was that what goes around comes around.Tongo was the architect of the Karanga/Zezuru mafia that connived to assassinate the brilliant Herbert Wilshire Chitepo on 18March 1975 in Lusaka,Zambia.Tongogara carried out the heinous act with the full support &co-operation of Zvinavashe,Rex Mujuru,Dauramhanzi,Rugare Gumbo,Hamadziripi,Robson Manyika,Chigowe,Mukudzei Mudzi and Kumbirai Kangai.Tongo was later taken out by an evil ,heinous powerhungry GUSHUNGO GOBLIN in 1979.

  21. mudziwepasi January 15, 2013 at 7:30 am #

    The writer is definately a ZANU PF person. What makes him conclude from a picture of the vehicle that it was an accident. All we want to know from Opah Muchinguri and the other survivors is how it happened and how they managed to escape without injuries where someone like Tongo died. Can we also have a look at the picture of the Land Rover. Can the body be exhumed for thorough investigations

  22. felistus January 15, 2013 at 11:44 am #

    iwe didnt you see the picture in the paper what are you talking about? there was no conclusion from the writer. Unosvuta mbanje here?

  23. musoja January 15, 2013 at 11:47 am #

    This issue of being secretive zvezanu is what caused gukurahundi. Things have to come out in the open.

  24. Nguva January 15, 2013 at 11:51 am #

    Now that the people of Zimbabwe have seen the car and the body i bet madhara emuZANU are peeing in their pants trying to find ways to make this issue disappear. Chimwe nechimwe chine nguva yacho its time to start talking.

  25. Rinhi January 15, 2013 at 12:18 pm #

    Oppah zvaunobuda pamatv uchinyepera kunamata taura chokwadi.

  26. OPPAH January 16, 2013 at 10:09 am #

    Amunawe! Chindipai zororo. Ndatowonda these past few weeks ngenyaya yaTongo. I swear i would never have done anything bad to Tongo. he was someone too close to me and i liked him so much as our leader of the revolution. he was a damn good leader and strategist. what happened to him was beyond my control. I beg you please— Lets forgive and forget please please please

  27. Josiyas January 16, 2013 at 10:12 am #

    Repent Repent Repent comrade Oppah if you want forgiveness! Only the truth will set you free. Am sure the nation and the Tongo family can only forgive once they know the truth and if you ask for their forgiveness

  28. izvo January 16, 2013 at 6:57 pm #

    What killed Tongo will kill many more.so long as it remains entombed in secrecy.

  29. obbie January 16, 2013 at 7:11 pm #

    Zvamatanga izvi zvine makuva izvi ,hope you have the balls to see its conclusion.the revolution tongo led killed him.be careful inorder to see the truth u are looking for.the tongo issue might inspire others whose fathers or mothers who died since pre 1980 to todate

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  32. ndarangarira January 17, 2013 at 6:49 pm #

    Had Tongo lived Zimbabwe would nt have seen gukurahundi,murambatsvina,june 27 and so many lives would have been saved,even our history would not hv been disorted.Tsvangirai would have governed.

  33. zm January 17, 2013 at 7:23 pm #

    @ no deposit bonus asi warwadziwa with the truth.we know you are a bug sent to shut the truth but the truth shall set Zimbabwe free.,Mapfupa a Tongo achamuka

  34. hatiroti January 17, 2013 at 7:48 pm #

    i am writting just to correct this fool zvichaperachete who seems to have some philosophy that Nhari and his boys were innocent. In February 1975 Thomas Nhari and his group of thugs took over Chifombo and killed most of the people who opposed them including Lovemore Chikadaya and Peter Ngwenya who they buried alive. So who is heinous and evil? In 1969 your blue eyed boy Chitepo was arrested by Zambian police and accused of torturing people not from his tribe. Chitepo was accused of personally mutilating the people. The charges were dropped at the orders of Kaunda. So he is not a saint after all is he. Shame on you Kaunda, the same kaunda who arrested innocent people like van Sadat, Tongo and others and let a criminal go scort free.

    • Zvichaperachete January 19, 2013 at 5:36 am #

      Shut up Hatiroti ,u are a moronic imbecile cum Zanuiod who wants to defend the indefensible.The crux of the matter is that Chitepo was assassinated by the Karanga/Zezuru mafia led by the loud,powerhungry ,tribalistic Tongogara.It is well documented,it is black &white.The brilliant Chitepo wasnt capable of yr alleged heinous crimes u purportedly alleged against him ,he was too smart 4 that !

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    manyika ,gezi,gunda,mahachi pamire all died in accidents and just heard jason ziyapapa died in an accident did Tongogara kill him as well

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