Scientists in the Arctic are warning that this summer’s record-breaking melt is part of an accelerating trend with profound implications.
REPORT BY BBC
Norwegian researchers report that the sea ice is becoming significantly thinner and more vulnerable.
Last month, the annual thaw of the region’s floating ice reached the lowest level since satellite monitoring began, more than 30 years ago.
It is thought the scale of the decline may even affect Europe’s weather.
The melt is set to continue for at least another week — the peak is usually reached in mid-September — while temperatures here remain above freezing.
The Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) is at the fore-front of Arctic research and its international director, Kim Holmen, said the speed of the melting was faster than expected.
“It is a greater change than we could even imagine 20 years ago, even 10 years ago,” Holmen said.
“And it has taken us by surprise and we must adjust our understanding of the system and we must adjust our science and we must adjust our feelings for the nature around us.”
The institute has been deploying its icebreaker, Lance, to research conditions between Svalbard and Greenland — the main route through which ice flows out of the Arctic Ocean.